Do you want to take a trip to the last pristine continent on earth? Make sure you visit the best travel agencies below and plan a unique expedition cruise to Antarctica to spot wild albatrosses, penguins, sea lions, seals, sea elephants and great whales.
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Expedition Trip to Antarctica
The city of Ushuaia on Tierra del Fuego in southern Patagonia, and the Chilean Punta Arenas are the main ports of departure for cruises to the South Pole. From there, it takes only two days to go through the Drake passage to the first icebergs and glaciers of the South Shetland Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula. Besides visiting Antarctica you can also visit South Orkney, South Georgia and the Falkland Islands during such a cruise.
Animal Life – Besides a few hundred scientists, Antarctica is uninhabited. Nevertheless, it supports lots of animal life along the shores of the continent. Antarctica is the home of eight penguin species, and countless robber languish on ice crusts, while whales fill their belly with krill. Millions of birds are allowed to compete with the indomitable wind. The most invisible are the fish that surprisingly don’t freeze in the ice-cold Antarctic waters.
Climate – Antartica is the coldest continent in the world. The average temperature on the central highland is between -50 and -60 ° Celsius. On July 21, 1983, the Russian research base Vostok, even measured a temperature of -89.2 ° Celsius. In the lower coastal areas it is warmer with an average temperature between -10 and -20 ° Celsius. The so-called polar night in the south pole area takes place from 21 March to 23 September. This means that the sun does not show itself during the winter. On the edge of this continent, this dark period lasts less long, from May 1st to July 23th. The summer period runs from October to March, so the sun does not set in this period, so this is also the time when the expedition cruises take place.